Compensation Plan

Compensation Plan for Employment Team
Anastasia Rusakov
University of Phoenix
HRM
531
Tiffany Mytty-Klein
February 14th, 2011 Compensation Plan for Employment Team
Successful employers that want to stay competitive in this environment must develop stable compensation plan that motivates employees and ensures equity. Compensation is the combination of monetary and other benefits. There are two types of compensation management: direct and indirect (Cascio, 2005). Direct compensation is given at a regular interval at a definite time and includes basic salary, travel allowance, bonus, and medical reimbursements (Cascio, 2005). Indirect compensations comprised of other non cash benefits, such as an office car provided to the employee, pension contributions, health insurance, in other words it is designed to improve employee??™s quality of life, promote loyalty, and reward long term employment. In this report we will analyze and describe a new direct compensation plan, why the designed pay system will work, define three components of a total rewards package that would motivate employees to reach peak performance, and finally describe compensation plan??™s benefits to the individual as well as to the company.
IncterClean will offer a dynamic compensation plan with five ways to increase their income. Top retail bonus will be offered to the employees who achieve high retail sales over a four-week period. Bulk order bonus will be available to the individual who can sell at least five customized packages and solutions in one order. First order bonus is a reward that will be provided for the initial effort. During the first month of your employment you will receive an additional 5% of your sales. Team bonus will be 3% of your base salary and will be distributed to every individual when specified goals are met or exceeded by the team. In addition every employee will be eligible for leadership bonus. An individual will be paid the first bonus the month the new level of leadership is earned and the second after six consecutive months of holding the same title without going into grace (O??™Donnell, 1994). The base salary will be determined based upon years of experience, education, the value of the position, performance reviews, and professional associations and certifications (O??™Donnell, 1994). When deciding the value of the position we will adjust the market data and do additional data research on practices for comparable jobs at comparable companies.
The described pay system will work because it is fair and motivating. It provides many different opportunities to employees. The plan is easy to understand and it sets reasonable expectations. We believe that long-standing principles of providing appropriate recognition, incentive for excellence in performance, and equal pay for work of equal value, creates a pay system that is suitable for every individual (Steven, 1996). Outstanding performers will receive highest rewards which will motivate them to continue high performance. Average performers will receive significantly smaller raises, which will motivate them to work harder and get larger rewards in the future. Poor performers will receive no increase and no rewards, which is intended to encourage them to improve their performance or leave (???Leadership Bonus Program???, 2011).
In addition to basic health benefits, associates can choose to take advantages of the following programs: nurse hotline, Lasik vision correction surgery discount, exercise and fitness club reimbursement. Creating healthy work environment makes for happier, more productive employees (Weedie, 2007). In order to reach pick performance it is also important for employees to have good work/life balance and have time to relax. The employees will receive vacation days (starting out with 2 weeks) that can be combined with paid illness days (5 days), and personal days (3 days). Time off will also include holidays and medical appointment time. When employees are rested they are more efficient and become more self-driven to perform their job tasks at level that meets or exceeds set expectations (Steven, 1996). Continuous education through programs provided by company or tuition reimbursement will motivate employees to achieve more. Accreditation and licensing programs will improve individual??™s attitude toward the company, while bolstering self-confidence.
Most definitely the compensation plan will benefit the individual as well as the company. For all the alternative motivators, money will always occupy a rightful place (Steven, 1996). It gives an employee incentive to perform quality service, produce a quality product, and improve internal processing within the company. What benefits the employee directly benefits the company. The rewards are given to employees to develop and generate process-improving ideas, to increase productivity and reduce absenteeism (Steven, 1996). The rewards make employee feel valued and satisfied, increasing company??™s overall moral. Even if employee is working in a good environment but the pay is too low and they can??™t pay their bills, the need for money will outweigh the worker??™s happiness. Satisfied employees are less stressed and have more energy. Companies that spend money of their employees know that a worker will give them back their money back with good work and loyalty. REFERENCES
(2011). Leadership Bonus Programs. Retrieved from:// http://www.imakenews.com/gcdemonstrator/e_article001984523Casio, W.F. (2005). Managing Human Resources: Productivity, Quality of Work Life, Profits(7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-HillKerr, Steven. (1996). Ultimate Rewards: What Really Motivates People to Achieve. 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.O??™Donnell, Michael. (1998). ???Creating a performance culture Performance-based pay in the Australian public service.??? Australian Journal of Public Administration, 57(3), 28??“40.Weede, T. (2007). Help Employees to Stay Fit and Healthy. Retrieved from:// http://www.entrepreneur.com/wellness/article173684.html

History

1. Appomattox Courthouse
General Lee began to move west hoping to find to escape the union forces; so that he could meet up with Johnston. But there were no way out of it, unfortunately all the route was blocked off by the union soldiers. Lee realized that it was pointless to sheds more blood for his army; so he arranged a meeting with Grant in his home town of Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia; On April 9 Lee surrender, and days later Johnson surrender too. Finally the long war was over.
2. John Brown
John brown was one of the abolitionists in Kansas; He considered himself as a committed soldier of god and hoping to put an end to slavery. Brown gathered some people and his sons to killed five slave owner; as a warning to other slave owner settlers. The incident was called the Pottawatomie Massacre. With some encouragement and some funding by other abolitionist, he was able to come up with a plan to seize a mountain fortress in Virginia from which he believed could be a slave insurrection in the south. October 16 he attempts an attack with 18 of his man to seized harpers Ferry Virginia. But soon enough the citizen fought back and after 10 of his man were killed he finally surrender. In the end Brown and six of his men were hanged.
3. Missouri Compromise
By 1818, Missouri Territory had gained sufficient population to warrant its admission into the Union as a state. Its settlers came largely from the South, and it was expected that Missouri would be a slave state. To a statehood bill brought before the House of Representatives, James Tallmadge of New York proposed an amendment that would forbid importation of slaves, and would bring about the ultimate emancipation of all slaves born in Missouri. This amendment passed the House February 19, but not the Senate. The bitterness of the debates sharply emphasized the sectional division of the United States. In 1820, a bill to admit Maine as a state passed the House. The admission of Alabama as a slave state in 1819 had brought the slave states; The two bills were joined as one in the Senate, with the clause forbidding slavery in Missouri replaced by a measure prohibiting slavery in the remainder of the Louisiana Purchase north of 36?°30??™ North latitude which is the southern boundary of Missouri. The House rejected this compromise bill; but after a conference committee of members of both houses was appointed, and the bills were treated separately. In March 1820, Maine was made a state, and Missouri was authorized to adopt a constitution having no restrictions on slavery. A provision in the Missouri constitution barring the immigration of free blacks to the state was objectionable to many Northern Congressmen; and necessitated another congressional compromise. Not until the Missouri legislature pledged that nothing in its constitution would be interpreted to abridge the rights of citizens of the United States, and Missouri admitted to the Union. The 36?°30 provision held until 1854, when the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise.
4. Steven A. Douglas
Stephen A. Douglas, a thirty-seven years old Democratic senator from Illinois. A westerner from a rapidly growing state, he was an open spokesman for the economic needs of his section, and especially for the construction of railroads. Douglas was one of the architects of the Compromise Act of 1850; he reopened the slavery issue in 1854 when he sponsored the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise. In its place, he advocated the doctrine of popular sovereignty; which means territorial settlers would be allowed to decide on the slavery issue after they achieved statehood. This solution failed to defuse the slavery issue, and Kansas was soon come in contract with more conflicts. Douglas was bypassed for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1856, largely because of the situation in Bleeding Kansas. In 1858, Douglas defeated Lincoln in a hard-fought senatorial campaign. The well-publicized Lincoln-Douglas debates, however, helped bring Lincoln to national attention while further alienating Douglas from Southern Democrats because of his inability to reconcile popular sovereignty with the Dred Scott V. Stanford decision 1857. Douglas received the presidential nomination of the non-Southern wing of the Democratic Party in 1860, but the fragmentation of the Democrats allowed Lincoln to win an easy victory. When the Civil War broke out, Douglas supported Lincoln. On a speaking tour to rally support for the Union cause. He later became ill, and died with typhoid in 1861. 5. General George B. McClellan
McClellan was born in Philadelphia, December 3, 1826; and educated at the University of Pennsylvania, and the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he was commissioned major general in the regular army; after the First Battle of Bull Run, he commanded the Army of the Potomac, and the troops around Washington, D.C. In November 1861 he was appointed commander in chief of the Union army. ? In 1862 President Abraham Lincoln believed that the Union troops should move directly against the Confederates at Manassas, Virginia; but McClellan disagreed and advanced on Richmond from the east. During the ensuing peninsular campaign, the Union army was generally successful, but their failure to take Richmond. McClellan was then ordered to evacuate the peninsula, and go to the aid of the troops near Manassas. He arrived too late to be of assistance; however, and after the defeat of the Union army in the Second Battle of Bull Run, he was again placed in active command of the Army of the Potomac. In September, 1862, he fought at Antietam. He stopped the Confederate attempt to invade the North; but because of heavy Union losses, he was again relieved of his command. He took no further part in the war.
6. Bill of Right
The first was to pacify Anti-Federalists fears of an overwhelmingly powerful central government provided by the Constitution. The second reason was to protect the freedoms secured by the Americans after their war for independence. Without a Bill of Rights, the people feared that the government would have the power to oppress and to control everything. The bill of rights came into effect as Constitutional Amendments on December 15, 1791. Here is the list of the first ten amendments of the bill of rights. Amendment I: Freedom of speech, religion, press, redress, and preamble. Amendment II: Right to bear arms. Amendment III: Conditions for quarters of soldiers. Amendment IV: No unreasonable search and seizure. Amendment V: Provision concerning prosecution. Amendment VI: Right to speedy trial. Amendment VII: Right to trial by jury. Amendment VIII: No excessive bail and cruel punishment. Amendment IX: Rule of construction of constitution. Amendment X: Rights of states under constitution.
7. The Battle of Shiloh
Confederate forces led by General Johnston attacked Union General Grants army at Pittsburg Landing. The Union forces were not prepared but they still managed to hold their own until the arrival of General Buells army and other reinforcements at Pittsburg Landing. Further, the Confederates lost their leader when General Johnston was killed by a stray bullet. On the second day, April 7th, Grant launched a counterattack and the Confederates retreated to Corinth. The outcome is victory for the union forces. However, approximately 23,746 men died. Of those, 13,047 were Union soldiers. Despite a tactical victory, the union forces experienced greater losses.
8. Battle of Gettysburg
General Robert E. Lee concentrated his full strength against Major General George G. Meade??™s Army of the Potomac at the crossroads county seat of Gettysburg. On July 1, Confederate forces converged on the town from west and north, driving Union defenders back through the streets to Cemetery Hill. During the night; reinforcements arrived for both sides. On July 2, Lee attempted to envelop the Federals, first striking the Union left flank at the Peach Orchard, Wheatfield, Devil??™s Den, and the Round Tops with Longstreet??™s and hill division and then attacking the Union right at Culp??™s and East Cemetery Hills with Ewell??™s divisions. By evening, the Federals retained Little Round Top and had repulsed most of Ewell??™s men. During the morning of July 3, the Confederate infantry were driven from their last toe-hold on Culp??™s Hill. In the afternoon, after a preliminary artillery bombardment, Lee attacked the Union center on Cemetery Ridge. The Pickett-Pettigrew assault momentarily pierced the Union line but was driven back with severe casualties. Stuart??™s cavalry attempted to gain the Union rear but was repulsed. On July 4, Lee began withdrawing his army toward Williamsport on the Potomac River; his train of wounded stretched more than fourteen miles. Victory goes to the Union side.
9. General Ulysses S. Grant
Born in 1822, Grant was the son of an Ohio tanner. He went to West Point, and graduated in the middle of his class. In the Mexican War he fought under Gen. Zachary Taylor. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Grant was working in his fathers leather store Ulysses S. Grant in Galena, Illinois. He was appointed by the Governor to command an unruly volunteer regiment. Grant whipped it into shape and by September 1861, he had risen to the rank of brigadier general of volunteers. At Shiloh in April, Grant fought one of the bloodiest battles in the West and came out less. Later Grant maneuvered and fought skillfully to win Vicksburg, the key city on the Mississippi, and thus cut the Confederacy in two. This was the culmination of one of the most brilliant military campaigns of the war. With the loss of Pembertons army and this vital stronghold on the Mississippi, the Confederacy was effectively split in half. Grants successes in the West boosted his reputation, leading ultimately to his appointment as General-in-Chief of the Union armies. Then he broke the Confederate hold on Chattanooga. Lincoln appointed him General in Chief in March 1864. Grant directed Sherman to drive through the South while he himself, with the Army of the Potomac, pinned down General Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia. Finally, on April 9, 1865, at Appomattox Court House, Lee surrendered. Grant wrote out magnanimous terms of surrender that would prevent treason trials. As President, Grant presided over the Government much as he had run the Army. Indeed he brought part of his Army staff to the White House. Worse, he allowed himself to be seen with two speculators, Jay Gould and James Fisk. When Grant realized their scheme to corner the market in gold, he authorized the Secretary of the Treasury to sell enough gold to wreck their plans.
10. ???spoil system???
Spoil system is the system or practice in which public offices with their emoluments and advantages are at the disposal of the victorious party for its own purposes. When Jackson became president; he removed a total of no more than once-fifth of the federal officeholders during his eight years in office. Many of them had misused government funds or engaged in other corruption. To embrace his philosophy of the ???spoil system??? a system already well entrenched in a number of state governments. Jackson??™s supporters also worked to transform the process by which presidential candidates won their party nomination. The spoils system and the political convention did serve to limit the power of two officeholders and the exclusive party.
11. Louisiana Purchase
President Jefferson faced with Napoleon??™s proposal; he had sent Livingston and James Monroe to Paris to assist in the negotiations; whether they should even consider making a treaty for the purchase of the Louisiana Territory. On April 30, 1803 after haggling over the price Livingston and Monroe signed the agreement. With the treaty United States was to pay a total of 80 million francs meaning 15 millions U.S dollars to the French government. The boundaries of the purchase were not defined; the treaty simply specified that Louisiana would occupy the same extent as it has when France and Spain had owned it.
12. Webster-Ashburton Treaty, 1842
In the spring of 1842, it sent Lord Ashburton to negotiate an agreement on the Maine boundary .The result of his negotiations with Secretary of State Webster and representatives from Maine and Massachusetts was the Webster- Ashburton Treaty of 1842. Its terms consist of a firm northern boundary between the U.S and Canada along Maine. And the new boarder gave the U.S a bit more than half of the previously dispute territory. The Webster Treaty was generally popular in America, and in its aftermath Anglo- American relations have gotten better.
13. Battle of San Jacinto
The Battle of San Jacinto, fought on April 21, 1836, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. Led by General Sam Houston; the Texas Army engaged and defeated General Antonio Lopez de Santa Annas Mexican forces in a fight. About 700 of the Mexican soldiers were killed and 730 captured, while only nine Texans died. Santa Anna, the President of Mexico, was captured the following day and held as a prisoner of war. Three weeks later, he signed the peace treaties that dictated that the Mexican army will leave the region; so that Texas could become independent from Mexico. 14. Barbary pirates
Trouble had appeared in the Mediterranean, off of the coast of North African. For many years Barbary States of North Africa like Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli engaged in piracy of European merchant shipping. The Barbary pirates routinely captured and confiscated ships and cargo, and enslaved or ransomed their crews and passengers. England, France, and Spain entered into treaties with the Barbary States, in effect, paying “protection money” for their merchant shipping. During the 1780 and 1790s the United States agreed to treaties providing for annual tribute to the Barbary States, but Jefferson was reluctant to continue this policy of appeasement. In 1801, the pirates were unsatisfied with the American responds to their demands. So they ordered the flagpole of the American consulate chopped down as a symbol of declaring war. Eventually 1805, the United States reached an agreement with the pasha that ended American payments of tribute to Tripoli; but required the United States to pay a heavy balanced of 60,000 for the release of American prisoners captured by Barbary pirates.
15. General Robert E. Lee
He was appointed to West Point in 1825 were he exceeded in his scholastics and graduated with honors in 1829. After graduation, he joined the Corps of Engineers, and assisted in a variety of projects and construction of military bases and ports. General Lee left the U.S army to lead Confederate forces beginning in 1861. He was the most revered of all the white Southern leaders of the civil war. In 1862, Davis named General Robert E. Lee as his principal military adviser; Confederate troops under Joseph E. Johnston were attacking McClellan??™s army outside of Richmond. Johnston, badly wounded, was replaced by Robert E. Lee. With Lee in charged; he launched a new offensive know as the Battle of Seven Days. Lee wanted to cut McClellan off from his base on the York River and then destroy the isolated Union army. As Army of Potomac left the peninsula by water, Lee moved north with the Army of Northern Virginia to hit Pope before McClellan could join him. Battle of Bull Run Lee threw back the assault and routed Pope??™s army, which fled to Washington. Lee soon went on offensive again, heading towards western Maryland. In 1863, General Joseph Hooker was in command of the Potomac; a total of 120,000 troops remained north of Rappahannock. Hooker soon moved toward Fredericksburg to Lee??™s army. Lee only had half of the men Hooker did, but he boldly divided his forces for a dual assault on the Union army. The Battle of Chancellorsville lasted from May 1 to May 5, Stonewall Jackson attacked the Union right and Lee charged the front. General Hooker barely managed to escape with his army. In April of 1865, Grant army of the Potomac still engaged in the prolonged siege at Petersburg; but without rail access to the South the confederate forces could no longer defend Richmond. Lee tried to find an escape route but he was surrounded by the Union Army with nowhere to escape. He then tried to negotiate with Grant at a private home in Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Lee surrender what is left of his troops and nine days later Johnston too surrender to Sherman.
16. Shakers
The Shakers made a redefinition of traditional sexuality and gender roles central to their society. Founded by Ann Lee in the 1770??™s; they derived their name from a unique religious ritual, in which members of congregation would shake themselves free of sin while performing a loud chant. The Shaker organization attracted about 6000 members in the 1840??™s; more women than men joined. Shakers openly endorsed the idea of sexual equality. In the Shakers community women as a whole have more power. The Shakers were trying as well to create a society separated, and protected from a disorder that they believed had come to characterize American life as a whole.
17. Frederick Douglas
The greatest African American abolitionist of all was Frederick Douglass. Born as a slave in Maryland, Douglass escaped to Massachusetts in 1838; Douglass became a well spoken leader of antislavery leader and spent two years lecturing in England. He then return to the U.S in 1847, Douglass purchased freedom from his Maryland owner. He founded an antislavery newspaper call ???the North Star of Rochester???. Douglass demanded for African Americans not only freedom, but full social and economic equality as well.
18. Liberator
The??? Liberator??? was founded by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831. Garrison was an assistant in the 1820??™s to the New Jersey Quaker Benjamin Lundy, who published the leading antislavery newspaper of the time called ???the Genius of Universal Emancipation.??? Garrison??™s thinks that the opponents of slavery should view the institution from the black man??™s point of view; not the slave owners. Garrison used the ???liberator??? as a way to speak out to others. Garrison also attracted a large group of followers throughout the North.
19. General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
In 1961, General P.G.T Beauregard was the commander of Confederate army at Charleston. The confederate government ordered Beauregard to take the island, by force if necessary. On April 12-13, 1861, when General Anderson on the Union side refused to surrender the fort, the Confederates bombarded it for two days. Finally April 14, 1861, Anderson surrendered; and that was the beginning of the civil war. The North and South first major battle of the civil war was in northern Virginia. The Union army consist of 30,000 men under the command of General Irvin McDowell was stationed outside of Washington. And about 30 miles away, at the town of Manassas, was a slightly smaller Confederate army under P.G.T Beauregard. In the middle of July 1861, Beauregard moved hi troops behind Bull Run, which is a small stream north of Manassas, and called for reinforcements. Early in 1862, Ulysses S. Grant attacked Fort Henry, defended by the union force. In 1862 with about 40,000 men, Grant now advanced south along the Tennessee River to take control of railroad lines. He marched from Pittsburg landing nearby Shiloh, Tennessee, where a force almost equal to his own, Commanded by Albert S. Johnston and P.G.T Beauregard, caught him by surprise. The result lead to the Battle of Shiloh, first day of the battle Johnston was killed; and the southerner forced Grant to move back to the river. Luckily the next day Grant was reinforced by 25,000 men. Grant troops recovered and Beauregard lost ground and was forced to withdraw. After that victory in Shiloh, the north occupied Corinth, Mississippi.
20. Compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850 was an intricate package of five bills, passed in September 1850, defusing a four-year confrontation between the slave states of the South and the free states of the North that arose following the Mexican-American War. Henry Clay, who was spearheading the effort, believed that no compromise could last unless it settled all the issues in dispute between the sections. He presented to the senate January 29, 1850. Among the bill??™s provisions were admission of California as a free state; and the land that was acquired from Mexico, without restrictions on slavery, and also a new and more effective fugitive slave law. The Compromise became possible after the sudden death of President Zachary Taylor, who, although a slave-owner himself, tried to implement the Northern policy of excluding slavery from the Southwest. After Zachary Taylor death he was succeeded by Millard Fillmore of New York. He supported the compromise and used his powers of persuasion to swing northern Whigs into line. Douglas was a Democratic senator from Illinois; also a spoke man for the economic needs of his section and for the construction of railroads. Douglas also gained support with complicated backroom deals linking the compromise to such visionary matters as the sale of government bond and the construction of railroads. As a result the president had signed all the component of the compromise. The Compromise of 1850, unlike the Missouri Compromise, was not a product of widespread agreement on common national ideals; but it was a victory of bargaining and self interest.
21. Battle of the Wilderness
The Battle of the Wilderness, fought in May 1864, was the first battle of General Ulysses S. Grants against General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Both armies suffered heavy casualties, a harbinger of a bloody war of attrition by Grant against Lees army; and eventually, the Confederate capital, Richmond, Virginia. The battle was tactically inconclusive, as Grant disengaged and continued his offensive. Grant attempted to move quickly through the dense underbrush of the Wilderness of Spotsylvania, but Lee launched two of his corps on parallel roads to intercept him. Fighting until dark was fierce but inconclusive as both sides attempted to maneuver in the dense woods. At dawn on May 6, Hancock attacked along the Plank Road, driving Hills Corps back in confusion, but General James Longstreet arrived in time to prevent the collapse of the Confederate right flank. Longstreet followed up with a surprise flanking attack from an unfinished railroad bed that drove Hancocks men back to the Brock Road; but the momentum was lost when Longstreet was wounded by his own men. An evening attack by General John B. Gordon against the Union right flank caused consternation at Union headquarters; but the lines stabilized and fighting ceased. On May 7, Grant disengaged and moved to the southeast, intending to leave the Wilderness to interpose his army between Lee and Richmond; leading to the bloody Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.
22. Lincoln-Douglas Debates
In Congressional elections of 1858; during the election of Senate in Illinois, Stephen A. Douglas, who is a northern Democrat, against Abraham Lincoln, who was Republican. Lincoln was a successful lawyer who had been involved in state politics for a long time. The Lincoln-Douglas debates attracted enormous crowds and received wide attention. At the center of the debates was a basic difference on the issue of slavery. Lincoln believed slavery was morally wrong, but he was not an abolitionist. That was in part because he could not envision an easy alternative to slavery in the areas where it already existed. Douglas??™s position satisfied his followers sufficiently to win him reelection to the Senate, but did nothing to enhance his national political ambitions. Lincoln lost the election in Illinois, but emerged with a growing following in and out of the state. As the election went on, the democrats lost ground in almost every northern state. Still the party retained control of the Senate but lost its majority in the House; as a result the congressional sessions of 1858 and 1859 were bitterly deadlocked.
23. Uncle Tom??™s Cabin
Uncle Toms Cabin; is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Uncle Tom??™s Cabin was published in 1852; Stowe, a Connecticut-born teacher at the Hartford Female Academy and an active abolitionist, focused the novel on the character of Uncle Tom, a long-suffering black slave around whom the stories of other character; are a fellow slaves and slave owners. The sentimental novel depicts the reality of slavery while also asserting that Christian love can overcome something as destructive as enslavement of fellow human beings. Her novel, by embedding the antislavery message within a familiar and popular literary form, succeeded in bringing the message of abolitionism to an enormous new audience.
24. Know Nothing Party
In 1845, natives held a convention in Philadelphia and formed the Native American Party. Many of the Native groups combined in the 1850 to form the Supreme Order of the Star Spangled Banner. The order adopted a strict code of secrecy, which included the secret password, used in lodges across the country. The know-Nothings turned their attention to party politics, and after the election of 1852 they created a new political party called the American Party. In 1854, The Know-Nothing party allies with the new organization called the Republican; to organize the House of Representatives. After 1854, the strength of know nothing slowly faded.
25. March to the Sea
Sherman had left Atlanta to begin his March to the Sea. Living off the land, destroying supplies it could not use, his army cut a sixty-mile-wide swath across Georgia He seized the confederate army of war supplies and railroad communications; but also to break the spirit of the Southern people, he burned down towns and plantations. He continued his destructive march through South Carolina. He was unstoppable until he reached inside North Carolina, where a small force under Johnston that did more than brief delay for Sherman.

Compensation Plan

Running head: COMPENSATION PLANCompensation Plan/ Originally submitted August 8, 2010
Sylvia Daniels
Colorado Technical University
Augustine Kange/ Jennifer Young
HRM415-1004B
December 3, 2010
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Abstract
The VP of Sales and Marketing is concerned about the sales team at Lansing-Smith Corporation, the VP feel that the pay structure is affect the sales teams, because there is a lack of motivation and sales are decreasing in order for the company to continue to grow the VP would like some recommendations on a compensation plan that would motivate the sale teams.
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There are other strategies for compensation and pay plans, such as bonuses that may be offered annually and this not part of the base pay, another is spot bonuses which is pay to employees based on outstanding performance that could range from $100 to $1,000 keeping the team competitive by setting goals and rewarding them when they have reached their goals will increase productivity.
Another way would be to offer stock options, better health care and educational assistance, so that they feel they are a part of the company. In order for Lansing-Smith to be competitive the company has to offer a compensation package that will motivate the sale teams in order to meet the goals of the company. ???The overall purposes of providing compensation are to attract, retain and motivate employees??? (Mondy, 2010).
???Failure to maintain a culture of employee motivation will not lead a company toward achieving its goals, but will instead foster mediocrity and apathy among the team. Companies that are most successful at keeping their employees motivated to exceed expectations have gone beyond implementing performance standards and rewards??? (Lisboa). Employees need feedback they want to know how they are performing on the job, by providing a positive environment for the employees and to ensure them that their opinions are important to the company.
The are several ways that managers can learn effective motivational techniques, after researching the topics I will provide the managers with some effective tools to help them to motivate the employees in order to improve work performance. The three theories I decided to research were Endowed Progress Effect, Expectancy Theory and Intrinsic Motivation.
The Endowed Progress Effect is people feel that they have made progress towards a goal, they will also become committed towards achieving the goals set, because perception is critical and the appearance of progress will have a strong effect over the actual progress, and without recognitions it will not be motivating the closer they get to the goal the more likely they are committed to strive harder to achieve success.
There are some pros and cons about this theory to improve performance there different questions that employees may ask to establish commitment through stages of goals, the progress and situation will have a distinctive impact on motivation depending on the signals of higher difficultly of goal attainment usually lower the commitment and also decreases motivation. The motivational tools that can be used to motivate employees improve productivity and work performance is to satisfy employees??™ needs, by rewarding them for their job performance.
The Expectancy Theory is a mental process regarding choice it predicts that employees in an organization can be motivated by what they believe, for example better job performance will lead to rewards, such as increased compensation or benefits. By having the support to get the job done, however the down side of this theory is an organization that uses compensation as a motivational tool may think this is applicable to increase productivity in the workplace, although it might seem feasible at first, but in the long run employees will begin to become bored and productivity will began to decrease.
???Vroom??™s theory assumes that behavior results from conscious choices among alternatives whose purpose it is to maximize pleasure and minimize pain. Together with Edward Lawler and Lyman Porter, Vroom suggested that the relationship between people??™s behavior at work and their goals was not as simple as was first imagined by other scientists. Vroom realized that an employees??™ performance is based on individual factors, Such as personality, skills, knowledge, experience and abilities??? (Vroom, 1964).
The motivational tools that can be used in this theory to increase productivity, improve work performance and motivate employees are valence, expectancy and instrumentality, in order to accomplish these tasks the organization may offer the employees different kinds of benefits to satisfy the employee, such as extra time off work or a day care center of the employees.
Intrinsic Motivation is an internal factor that people use, because they believe it is the right thing to do, although an individual is motivated by the satisfaction of completing a task the individual may also find the task challenging. ???There is no reason that money cant be an effective motivator, or that grades cant motivate students in school. Its all a matter of individual differences. Different people are motivated in different ways??? (Reiss, 2005).
Comparing current pay scales with other companies will help to design the incentive plan, the plan must be fair to the employees in order for the incentive plan to be successful, by communicating the goals as well as the company??™s vision and delivering what the plan has promised to the employees at a timely manner will be the biggest motivator of all.
There are several ways to increase intrinsic motivation managers can give employees the tools needed to succeed, such as giving rewards based on performance level, verbal and non-verbal praise and setting realistic performance goals will help achieve the motivation needed in the organization to improve work performance, motivation and increase productivity. ???In this way, companies can make sure that their incentive plans motivate employees to perform at a higher level without unintentionally encouraging them to engage in unacceptable behavior??? (Sammer, 2007).
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ReferencesLisboa, K. (n.d.).
Why is employee motivation important Retrieved July 25, 2010, from www.life123.com/career-money/career-development/motivating-employees/motivation.shtml
Mondy, R. W. (2010).
Human Resource Management. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Reiss, S. (2005, May 5).
Intrinsic Motivation doesnt exist, researchers says. Retrieved August 8, 2010, from Ohio State University: www.reserchnews.osu.edu/archive/inmotiv.htm
Sammer, J. (2007, June).
Weighing pay incentives: Incentives plans should motivate employees to perform at a higher level, not encourge them to engage in questionable behavioral. Retrieved December 1, 2010, from BNET: www.findarticles.com/p/mi_m3495/is_6_52/ai_n19311779/pg_4/tag=content;col1
Vroom, V. (1964).
Expectancy Theory. Retrieved August 22, 2010, from www.valuebasedmanagement.net/method_vroom_expectancy_theory.html

History

Dual Alliance- A defensive alliance between? Germany? and? Austria-Hungary, which was created by treaty on October 7, 1879
Triple Alliance – In 1882 it was expanded to include? Italy. The three countries agreed to support each other if attacked by either? France? or Russia.? 
Entente Cordiale- 1904 Britain and France signed the Entente Cordiale (friendly understanding). The idea of the alliance was to encourage co-operation against the perceived threat of Germany.? 
Triple Entente- 1907 Three years later,? Russia, who feared the growth in the? German Army, joined? Britain? and? France? to form the Triple Entente. The Russian government was also concerned about the possibility of? Austria-Hungary? increasing the size of its empire. It therefore made promises to help? Serbia? if it was attacked by members of the? Triple Alliance.? 
Colonialism: the building and maintaining of? colonies? in one territory by people from another territory.
Imperialism: The policy of extending a nations authority by territorial acquisition or by the establishment of economic and political hegemony over other nations.
Nationalism: There were two kinds of nationalism in 19th Century Europe:(i) The desire of subject peoples for independence –
It led to a series of national struggles for independence among the Balkan peoples. Other powers got involved and caused much instability.(ii) The desire of independent nations for dominance and prestige –
As the powers try to dominate each other in Europe, their rivalries may be regarded as one of the causes of the First World War.Militarism: Militarism denoted a rise in military expenditure, an increase in military and naval forces, more influence of the military men upon the policies of the civilian government, and a preference for force as a solution to problems. Militarism was one of the main causes of the First World War.
Arms Race: After 1871, the war atmosphere engendered by the secret alliances led to an armaments race among the powers. The race was particularly serious between 1900 and 1914, as the international situation became much worse than before. There was a significant rise in the army and naval estimates of the European powers in these years.
Nationalism in Germany
Germany was united in 1871 as a result of the Franco-Prussian War, and she rapidly became the strongest economic and military power in Europe. From 1871 to 1890, Germany wanted to preserve her hegemony in Europe by forming a series of peaceful alliances with other powers. After 1890, Germany was more aggressive. She wanted to build up her influence in every part of the world. German foreign policy in these years was best expressed by the term Weltpolitik (World Politics). Because German ambitions were extended to many parts of the globe, Germany came into serious conflicts with all other major powers of Europe (except Austria-Hungary) from 1890 to 1914.Nationalism in Britain
In 1870 Britain was the most industrially advanced country in Europe. She also possessed the largest overseas empire and the largest navy in the world. She did not want to trouble herself with the continental affairs of Europe. Her main concern was to preserve her overseas empire and her overseas trade by maintaining a large navy. Before 1890, her chief enemies were France and Russia. The colonial interests of France often clashed with those of Britain . (Britain and France had colonial rivalries in Asia and Africa–for example, India, Burma, Thailand, Egypt.)
Russias interest in the Balkan area also alarmed Britain, as British naval interests in the Mediterranean Sea would be immediately threatened. After 1890, as Germany went on increasing her naval strength and threatened British naval supremacy and the British overseas interests, she became Britains chief enemy.Alliance System as a cause of the War
The alliance systems were a cause of the First World War.
Firstly, the alliances were made in secret and so produced much distrust and suspicion among the European powers. Their general suspicion prevented their diplomats to devise a suitable solution to many of the crises preceding the war.
Secondly, the alliances were always made on a war-footing and so heightened the war tension and led to an arms race among the European powers. For example, within four years after the formation of the Triple Entente in 1907, Germany built nine dreadnoughts (battleships) and consequently Britain built eighteen. Thus all the European powers were ready for war in 1914.
Thirdly, since the European powers had made alliances with one another, a small dispute concerning one power might lead to a war involving all powers.
Fourthly, the alliances were originally strictly defensive but by 1910, many alliances had changed their character. The Austro-German alliance of 1879 was so modified that it had become an aggressive alliance after the Bosnian crisis in 1909, the German government promised to give military aid to Austria-Hungary, if Austria invaded Serbia and Russia intervened on behalf of the latter. As alliances had become instruments of national aggression, the chances of war doubled.
Fifthly, after the formation of the Triple Entente, Germany began to feel the threat to her security. The German press loudly talked about “encirclement”, i.e. being surrounded by enemies on all sides. This induced the aggressive William II to pursue a more vigorous foreign policy in an attempt to break the unity of the Entente powers. This resulted in a series of international crises from 1905 to 1914.Franco-German rivalry
Morocco on the northern coast of Africa was rich in mineral and agricultural wealth. Both Germany and France coveted the place. By her entente with Britain in 1904, France was given a free hand in Morocco. Kaiser William II, angry at Frances influence and at Germany??™s exclusion, decided to intervene. In March 1905, the Kaiser landed at Tangier where he made a speech greeting the Sultan of Morocco as an independent sovereign and promising him German protection if France attempted to colonize his state. The German government followed this up by demanding an international conference to clarify the status of Morocco.
Germanys aim of calling a conference was to humiliate France and to split the Entente because from the point of view of international law, Morocco was an independent state and the French claim to Morocco was illegal. France was prepared to fight but at last she agreed to settle her conflict with Germany at a conference.
The Algeciras Conference
At the conference at Algeciras in 1906, Germany was supported by Austria while France was supported by Britain, Russia and the United States. In name Morocco was preserved as an independent state whose trade was to be open to all nations; but in fact France was given two special privileges: (i) she, in conjunction with Spain, was given control over the Moroccan police and (ii) she was to control the customs and arms supply of Morocco. Thus the Entente powers scored a diplomatic victory over the Dual Alliance of Germany and Austria.
Consequence
The Algeciras Conference could only offer a temporary solution to the Franco-German conflict. Germany was dissatisfied with the resolutions of the Conference because they would benefit France more. France also bore ill feeling towards Germany. She remembered that Germany had tried to browbeat France to give up Morocco by a threat of war. To prepare for the eventuality of a Franco-German war, France began to hold secret military conversations with Britain, which finally led to the sending of British army to fight alongside the French army during the First? World War.First Balkan War 1912
Exploiting the chaotic political situation following the Turkish defeat in 1912, the Balkan states — Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro–formed the Balkan League and declared war on Turkey in October 1912. They aimed to partition the Turkish Empire. From October 1912 to May 1913, the League won series of battles and Turkey could only retain the areas around Constantinople. The powers watched the victory of the League with great anxiety. Austria wanted to stop Serbia from becoming too powerful and was determined not to allow Serbia to get a seaport on the Adriatic. The powers intervened and imposed their own settlement, the Treaty of London. The most important provision of the Treaty was that, on Austrias insistence, a new state, Albania, was created to prevent Serbia from getting a coastline on the Adriatic. To compensate for this, Serbia was given a large part of Macedonia.
Second Balkan War 1913
Bulgaria had long regarded Macedonia as her possession. Her quarrels with Serbia soon developed into a war. In the second Balkan War, Bulgaria alone fought against Serbia, Montenegro, Rumania, Greece and Turkey. The war was soon over. Bulgaria was soundly defeated. The territorial settlement made after the First Balkan War was largely preserved except that Turkey and Rumania gained some valuable territory.
Balkan Wars – Consequence
The consequences of the Balkan Wars directly led to the outbreak of the First World War.
Firstly, Serbia was twice victorious in the Balkan wars and was larger than ever–her area doubled as she got a large part of Macedonia. The desire to make herself larger by including all fellow nationals in a united Slav state was intensified. This brought her more sharply into collision with Austria which ruled eight million Serbs and Croats and which prevented Serbia from getting a coastline.
Secondly, Austria found that the Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina grew increasingly troublesome. She was determined to attack Serbia before it was too late.
Thirdly, the Kaiser knew that Austria was her only dependable ally in Europe. He assured the Austrian Foreign Minister that ???You can be certain I stand behind you and am ready to draw the sword whenever your action makes it necessary.??™
Fourthly, the Russian Czar felt that Russia had suffered a diplomatic defeat because she could not obtain Albania for Serbia due to Austrian insistence. In order to recover her lost prestige in the Balkans, the Czar declared in February 1914, “For Serbia, we shall do everything.”Economic Rivalries
There were economic conflicts between Germany and Britain from 1890 onwards. Since 1871 Germany had been experiencing a period of rapid industrialization, and by 1890 the products of her industry were competing with British manufactures everywhere in the globe and German merchant ships threatened Britains carrying trade.
There were also economic struggles between Germany and France. In 1870 France had already lost two of her coal producing provinces–Alsace and Lorraine to Germany. From 1871 onwards, France had to import coal from other countries. Thus France had to compete with Germany in Morocco because the place was rich in mineral resources.
Germany and Austria also rivaled with Russia in the Balkans for commercial privileges. As early as 1888 Germany began to build a railway in the area. Austria regarded the area as a field for profitable investment and as a big market for her manufactured goods. Russia also hoped to control the area because half of her exports passed through this area.WAR PLANS:
In 1914, Germany believed war with Russia was extremely likely.?  If war broke out, Germany assumed France would also attack as she was both an ally of Russia and keen for revenge for her defeat in the Franco-Prussian war. If this happened, Germany would face a war on two fronts.?  Germany wanted to avoid this at all costs. Germany planned to defeat France rapidly and then turn to the eastern front for a major offensive on Russia.?  This was the basis for the Schlieffen Plan. The Germany Army Chief of Staff, Alfred von Schlieffen was asked to plan a way of preventing a war on two fronts.? ? His initial plan was produced late in 1905.? He believed that it was a priority to defeat France quickly, forcing them to surrender before Russia had a chance to mobilize her armed forces. In full knowledge of French defences, Schlieffen proposed attacking France through Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg ??“ the Benelux countries.? ? Schlieffen planned to use 90% of German military forces to deliver a knock out blow to France.? ? The remaining 10% would defend the eastern border of Germany against Russian attack. Von Molkte replaced Von Schlieffen in 1906, and made some alterations to the plan.? ? His version avoided invading Holland, instead concentrating attack through Belgium.? ? According to Von Molke, the Belgium army would be unable to resist a powerful German military, and German forces would rapidly enter France.
Assumptions:
* Russia would take at least 6 weeks to mobilize.
* France would be easily defeated in 6 weeks.
* Belgium would not resist any German attack.
* Britain would remain neutral.
On 2nd? August 1914, the German army invaded Luxembourg and Belgium according to the Schlieffen Plan. The Germans were held up by the Belgium army, backed up by the BEF (British Expeditionary Force) which arrived extremely quickly. Russia mobilized in just 10 days and Germany was forced to withdraw troops from the Schlieffen Plan to defend her eastern border. Germany did not take the chance to take Paris, instead decided to attack east of the capital.?  They were met by French at the battle of the Marne (5-11 Sept) which halted the German advance. | |
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Compensation Plan

Compensation Plan
The Compensation Plan is the method by which Distributors are compensated for their retail sales and personal purchases of the Product, as well as the retail sales and personal purchases of the Product by their Downline Organizations. It also compensates them for the support and training they provide the Distributors in their Downline Organizations. The Compensation Plan is part of the Contract between the Company and its Distributors. (xango).
I will be explaining the new compensation plan for the new sales team, also I will explain why I believe that this pay system will work, describe three components of a total rewards package that would motivate employees to reach peak performance and describe the new sales department compensation plan??™s benefits to the individual as well as to the company. This compensation plan created especially for the new sales team will include direct and indirect rewards. The salary will depend on what position and what experience the employee has.
The positions are from Outside Sales Representative to the Vice-President of Sales. There is going to be three outside sales representatives who will be offered a starting salary of $35,000 and commission. The Sales Manager will have a salary of $45,000 and will not have any commissions on sales by their representatives. The only way to earn Commissions is through the sale of Products. The Vice-President of Sales will be salaried for $60,000. A team bonus pay system will be implemented yearly for employees on the team. The bonus system will range from an additional 3% to 5% increase in pay. Salary could change depending on job performance and appraisals.
Why it would work
I believe this plan will work since it motivates the employee to perform at their highest level. The compensations are attractive for anyone and I think they are competitive numbers compared to other companies. Our new sales team feels motivated by our new goals and objectives that they are thrilled to start working on the project. The numbers given before are negotiable in the future because they can change and that is what will motivate them to work hard every day. I believe that by offering our employees compensations we are showing them the trust that we have for them and that we believe that they can get their job done efficiently. Employees need to feel motivated and supported by their employer and that is why we are offering this benefits so we can get the best out of them.
Three components of a total rewards package
1. Social Security and Health
??? Includes life insurance, workers compensation, disability insurance, hospitalization, surgical, and maternity coverage, health maintenance organizations (HMOs), other medical coverage, sick leave, pension plans, social Security, unemployment insurance, supplemental unemployment insurance, severance pay. All these components will make feel the employee happy and comfortable in the work area
2. payments for time not worked
o Vacations, personal excused absences, holidays, grievances and negotiations, reporting time, sabbatical leaves. As it is usual, our employees deserve the best treatment possible and that is why we treat them the best way possible. By giving them the change to get this benefit I think they will be more than happy and satisfied with the company.
3. employee services
o Credit unions, stock purchase plans, auto insurance, fitness and wellness programs, food service, moving and transfer allowances, company car, transportation and parking. I think is one of the best benefits that they are going to have. They need to be treated important for the company. By giving them the chance of getting all of this I think that not everyone can offer this type of equipment.Compensation Plan??™s Benefits
Employees are going to be well covered by great benefits offered. Employees and managers need to think carefully about what they wish to accomplish by means of their benefits programs. At a cost of about 40 percent of base pay for every employee on the payroll, benefits represent substantial annual expenditures. Factors such as the following are important strategic considerations in the design of benefits programs: the long-term plans of a business, its stage of development, its projected rate of growth or downsizing, characteristics of its workforce, legal requirements, the competitiveness of its overall benefits ???package,??? and its total compensation strategy. The company will need the best employees available so that is why we are giving that to them so they can feel comfortable and secure in the workspace. We believe that our employees need to be treated fair and valuable.References:Cascio, Wayne F. (2005). Indirect Compensation. Managing Human Resources (Chapter 12). Retrieved March 17, 2009 from https://ecampus.phoenix.eduSmith, Jack (2006). Building a Sales Compensation Plan That Works. Retrieved March 17, 2009, from http://www.entrepreneurship.org/Resources/Detail/Default.aspxid=10440 Xango.(2009) Distributor Policies and Procedures and Compensation Plan. Retrieved March 17, 2009, from http://www.myxango.com/pdf/en/USA-ENG-PP.pdf

History

My Favorite Sport
My favorite sport is volleyball. Volleyball is a team sport played by two teams on a playing court divided by a net. The net is about 2, 43 cm high.
The object of the game is for each team (6 players on each team) to send the ball regularly over the net to ground it on the opponent??™s court, and to prevent the ball from being grounded on its own court. The ball is put into play by the right back – row player who serves the ball by hitting it over the net to the opponent??™s court. A team is allowed to hit the ball three times to return it to the opponent??™s court. A player is not allowed to hit the ball twice consecutively, except when attempting a block.
The rally continues until the ball touches the floor, goes “out” or a team fails to return it to the opponent??™s court or commits a fault.
The team winning a rally scores a point. When the receiving team wins a rally, it gains a point and the right to serve, and its players rotate one position clockwise.
The team that first scores 25 points with a minimum two – point advantage, will win each non- deciding game. If there is a deciding game, it will be won by the team that first scores 15 points with a minimum two – point advantage.
Today there are more than 24 million Americans who play volleyball. And there are 800 million players worldwide who play volleyball at least once a week.
The history of volleyball starts in 1895. William G. Morgan, an instructor at the Young Men??™s Christian Association also called TMCA in Holyoke, decided to blend elements of basketball, baseball, tennis and handball to create a game for his classes of businessmen which would demand less physical contact than basketball. He created the game of volleyball (at that time called mignonette).
Morgan borrowed the net from tennis, and raised it 6 feet 6 inches above the floor, just above the average man??™s head.
During a demonstration game, someone remarked to Morgan that the players seemed to be volleying the ball back and forth over the net, and perhaps volleyball would be a more descriptive name for the sport. On July 7, 1896 at Springfield College the first game of volleyball was played.
From that day volleyball became very popular.First of all because volleyball is a very social sport. You have to work with each other and you have to get a good communication with each other to get success.
Volleyball equipment is nothing special. You can wear FLEECE PANTS.
To the FLEECE PANTS you can wear a black T – shirt with an imprinted volleyball.
Instead of the FLEECE PANTS you can also wear a MINI MESH NYLON SHORT. These fun and fancy dazzle shorts have a white nylon lining for color contrast. You can get them in colors like black, royal, purple and light blue.
A volleyball player will suggest that if you play volleyball on a regular basis that you spend the money to buy good quality leather volleyball. Playing the game with a good quality leather ball can make the game much more enjoyable, and lees painful on your arms.
You can use the volleyball in games, and to do drills to improve your game. You can do drills on your own or with a partner or group of players.
First Olympics with indoor volleyball was in 1964 in Japan. Who won TheOlympic Games in Sydney, I don??™t now unfortunately. But I now some of the volleyball stars, and I will tell a bit about them.
First there is Yoko Zetterland. She is born Marts 24, 1969 in San Francisco. She is 180 cm tall and weighs 65 kilos. Her father is Swedish, and her mother was on of Japan??™s national team volleyball players. Her Japanese name is Yoko Horie. She graduated from Waseda University in Tokyo. In 1991, she took on American nationality. She won the bronze medal at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games as a setter of the US national volleyball team.
Motoko Ohbayashi is also one of the volleyball stars. She is 182 cm tall and weights 67 kilos. She became a national team player as a high school student in 1985. She has been Japan??™s ace attacker since 1988 Soeul Olympic Games. She has joined Hitachi in 1986, but was fired from the team in 1994.
Hitachi was attacked by many, for taking such action. Motoko went to play in the Italian league, then she joined Toyobo in 1995.
The most popular volleyball players generally come from Japan and U.S.A. And volleyball also has the biggest popularity in these two countries.
2.
Tennis is a sport played between two players and it is developed by Major Harry Tom and his friends. Each player use a string racket to strike a hollow rubber ball to covered with felt over a net into the opponent court.
The modern game of Tennis originated in the United Kingdom in the late 19th Century as “Lawn Tennis” and has heavy connections in the ancient games of real tennis. After its creation spreading through the upper class and English speaking population spreading through out the world .Tennis is an Olympic sport in all society at all ages.
Along with its millions of players and millions of people world wide has fever brand .especially the four grand slam tournaments.
Except the adoption of the, tie breaker in 1973 and the rules of tennis have changed very little since in the 1980 and a recent addition to the profession has the adoption of the external tennis.
In December 1873 major Walter Clapton wing field designed similar game, which is called spars tike as soon as know simply sticky and for his guests had garden party and similar game that all the elders and younger play so I like Tennis.MY FAVORITE PERSONALITY (IMRAN KHAN)In this world there is always a person who inspires us and becomes our role model. We admire that personality very much. Undoubtedly we admire our Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (P.B.U.H) a lot as we can lead our lives perfectly if we follow his teachings and sayings. The second influential personalities after our Prophet (P.B.U.H) in our lives are our parents who guide us completely throughout our lives.
I have a huge interest in politics and want to change my country so the personality who inspired me is Mr Imran Khan. He was born on November 25th, 1952 in Lahore. He is a retired Pakistani cricketer turned politician. Currently besides his political activities he is also a charity worker.
Mr Imran Khan played for Pakistan cricket from 1971 to 1992 and later in April 1996 he founded a political party known as Pakistan Tehreek e Insaaf (Movement for Justice) and he became Chairman of his party. According to him you can change your country and to solve the problems of people of Pakistan only if we join politics. He says we cannot solve problems of people only by charity. Politics is the best platform to bring revolution in a country. And that is a different debate we didn??™t find any good leader or a politician in power that worked for the people.
Mr Imran Khan became the member of National Assembly from 2002 to 2007 from Mianwali. He through worldwide fund raising helped establish the Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital that treats the ailments of the people free of cost. He also established Namal College in Mianwali in 2008 in collaboration with the university of Bradford, England.
Mr Imran Khan was born to Shaukat Khanum and Ikram ullah Niazi. Avery quiet and shy boy in his youth, Khan grew up in a middle class Niazi Pathan family with four sisters. He was educated at Aitchisan College and Royal Grammar School in England where he excelled at cricket. He married a British socialite Jemima Goldsmith and have two sons but this marriage ended up after nine years as said by Mr Imran Khan it was difficult for Jemima to adapt to life in Pakistan.
The reason I admire Mr Imran is his personality, intelligence and his role in charity and his vision in politics. He has a direct positive effect on me. Whatever he says on political talk shows it is they are enough to seduce me to follow his views. He is a valiant man who never fears criticizing political parties and government of the past and recent times. He has fidelity with Pakistan. His personality makes him an ideal and fit to lead this country. He doesn??™t have any kind of patronage from the time he entered politics.
Imran Khan is not a natural politician and this means that he is not corrupt like our other politicians whose incentives are to give pangs to the people in the forms of high inflation. Imran Khan is one of the great scholar and political maestro of this country. He gave his continuous support to lawyer??™s movement and true democracy in this country gave him exalted position among others and made him an ideal leader to lead this nation it set it on the right path and our generation too. He inspired me because of his excellent communication skills after meeting him. In the coming age one can hope that coming time will be of progress and Pakistan Tehreek e Insaaf.
MY FAVOURITE GAME IS TENNIS
My Favourite Cricketer
Cricket, my favourite game, is one of the most popular games all over the world. Though many people of the world have been playing cricket, very few players have made their mark in cricket. Many of ?  them are admired, but my special admiration goes to all-time-great Sachin Tendulkar.
Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar, ?  the name itself strikes terror in the hearts of bowlers and captains all around the world. The Star of Indian Cricket, more like a GOD in India, ?  is the best player ever gifted to the game of Cricket and should be chosen as the sport personality of the year. He possesses all the strokes in the book and is probably the best cutter and straight driver of the ball today. His technique is impeccable (perfect), and he is professional at his approach. And he made the highest runs in a single calendar year.
Tendulkar is a batsman who does not like to be kept quiet, in tests or in one day Cricket. He always wants to dominate the bowlers, and he does an excellent job of it. He can tackle any kind of bowler. He is very deft on his feet, even to the best of pace bowlers and to the deceptive (unreliable) flight of world-class spinners. His strike rate in One day Cricket is over 85 runs per 100 balls, which is superb to say at least. He is excellent hitter of the ball and uses one of the heaviest bats in the game.
His technique is impeccable; he packs tremendous power and strength into his short, stocky frame, and his ability to time the ball is exemplary (excellent), making him the most dreaded batsman in One Day Cricket. He has had very few dry runs, because of his technique that is close to perfection- lovely body balance, sure feet movement, a solid defense, a wide array of strokes off both foot against both spin and pace, and an in-born ability to cope with the challenges of different wickets and conditions. He has developed the ability to treat bowlers all over the world with contempt (hatred) and can destroy any attack with utmost ease.
A visit to historical Place/Shalimar Gardens | |
1.
The city of Lahore is often referred to as the City of Gardens for the reason that many a beautiful garden of ancient and modern times and architecture are found all over the city. Successive Mogul emperors constructed a number of gardens to add to the beauty of Lahore – a city they loved the most. But the most unique and beautifully laid out garden remains to be the Shalamar gardens built by none other than Emperor Shah Jehan in 1642 AD, who also built the immortal Taj Mahal in Agra, India. The Shalimar Gardens are located along the Grand Trunk Road some 5 kilometres northeast of the Lahore city centre. The site of Shalimar Gardens originally belonged to one of the noble family of Lahore, who were given the title of “Mian” by the Mughal Emperor, for their services to the Empire. The land for the gardens was donated by Mian Muhammad Yusuf, the head of Mian family, to Emperor Shah Jahan, who in return, granted the Mian family governance of the Shalimar Gardens. The Shalimar Gardens remained under the custodianship of this family for more than 350 years.
The project was assigned to Khalilullah Khan, a noble of Shah Jahans court. The Gardens are surrounded by high walls with watch-towers at its four corners. Originally, the gardens were spread over seven ascending terraces, but only three?  now remain. spread over an area of about 42 acres. These terraces are elevated by 4-5 metres above one another. The upper terrace is known as “Farah Baksh”, meaning Bestower of Pleasure, the middle terrace is named “Faiz Baksh” meaning Bestower of Goodness and the lower terrace is called “Hayat Baksh” meaning Bestower of life. The most novel thing about the gardens is its irrigation system, which remained a mystery for a long time. The designers and planners dug a 161 kilometres long canal, named “Shah Nahar” meaning Royal (Shah) canal (Naher), brought from Rajpot (present day Madhpur in India). The canal intersected the Gardens and discharged into a large marble basin in the middle terrace.
A number of small structures and buildings have been built in various shapes for rest and recreation of the royalties. These buildings include the sleeping chambers, the resting halls,?  a royal bedroom or “Khawabgah” for the wife of the emperor, “Baradaries” or summer pavilions to enjoy the coolness created by the Gardens fountains and two halls for the audience of the emperor by the ordinary and royalties.
There are hundreds of fountains installed on these three terraces which render the surrounding area cooler to give relief during the scorching summers of Lahore. It is a credit to the ingenuity of the Mughal engineers that even today scientists are unable to fathom how the fountains were operated originally. On the first terrace, there is a marble pavilion underneath with water flows and cascades down over a carved, marble slab creating a waterfall effect. Across the waterfall is a marble throne. At the end of the second terrace is a beautiful structure called “Sawan Bhadon”, a sunken tank niches on its three sides. Water cascades down from it in sheets in front of the niches, producing the sound of falling rain.
These days the gardens have turned into the a picnic spot for the Lahorites,?  and is always busy. The garden is majestic in its size, and pretty impressive when you see the fountains and consider that they were built without modern technology. However, its excessive use and misuse by the crowd has robbed the gardens of its original beauty and landscape. The buildings deteriorated and greenery vanished. Therefore, in 1981, the Shalimar Gardens were included in the World Heritage list, under the UNESCO Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage 1972.
2.
The Shalimar Gardens are located 8 kilometers (5 miles) east of Lahore. They were commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1637. The form of the garden is inspired by the gardens of the same name, in Kashmir, and would later be copied in the Shalimar Gardens of Delhi. The enclosure is over 457 meters (500 yards) long, and contains 2 gardens, with a narrow rectangular terrace in between them. Each garden is divided by canals and flowerbeds, following the Persian tradition of the charbagh, or fourfold garden. Each of the 3 parts is on a different level, so that the upper parts are concealed from the view of people entering from below. The highest, and therefore the most private, section is thought to have been used by the imperial women. The channels of water that weave through the whole garden are fed by canals designed and administered by a defector from the Persian court, Ali Mardan Khan, or Inayat Khan, known for his architectural and building expertise. The gardens contain white marble buildings in typical Shah Jahani style. They are enclosed by a red sandstone wall interrupted by small decorative kiosks. The Shalimar Gardens are among the best preserved Mughal gardens.
Festivals
National Horse & Cattle Show Lahore:? 
(3rd week of November for 05 days )? 
Held at Fortress Stadium, Lahore. Cattle races, cattle dances, tent-pegging, tattoo show, folk music, dances, bands, cultural floats and folk games.? 
The show has been described as an eloquent expression of Pakistans heritage and an authentic account of its agricultural and industrial achievements. It is held in Lahore Fortress stadium at the end of February or at First week of March. The fortress stadium, the venue of the show is thronged by active participants, foreign visitors and peoples who watch the festival with great enthusiasm, verve and aplomb. A large number of them are interested in watching and appreciating the best breeds of livestock. Many derive pleasure by watching other activities such as display parade of animals, dances by horses and camels, polo matches, tent pegging, dog shows and their races, vaudeville acts of stuntmen, mass display of military band, rhythmically physical exercise by the children. Tastefully decorated industrial floats and torch light tattoo shows. Additional attractions include a subtle interplay of lights to weave enticing patterns at night and breath taking acts by foreign groups. The show began as a modest exhibition organized by the army to project the cattle wealth of the country in the early fifties. Today it is an international event to which come dignitaries from abroad and visitors and foreign tourists. The organizing committee comprises representatives of a number of agencies including army, rangers, LMC schools, the police, industrialists and the art councils.
2.
Bassant
With the advent of spring Basant Festival is celebrated with pomp and show in mid February every year in Lahore. In other words this is the spring festival. Alleging that kite flying is a Hindu event is also sheer ignorance. The sport originated in China about 5000 years ago, when Hinduism was in non existent. Why single out kite-flying then, especially when it is a source of joy for the old and the young men and women The simple reason is that Hindu at Basant Festival fly kites for enjoying Basant. With times Muslims who were living together with Hindus in the sub-continent also join them in kite-flying. Since then Muslims are taking participation in just kite-flying at the time of Basant connotating it as Pala Urant. Now a days people of Lahore enjoy it by kite flying competition and by visiting the shrine of saint Madho Lal Hussein, where they assemble to pay their benediction. Lahore is becoming the main focal point for the celebration of this festival in Pakistan. People traditionally fly kites on the roofs of their buildings. It is commonly observed that rest houses, hotels and house of relatives of the participants are fully packed with guests from all over the country. Moreover some five star hotels also arrange this function on their roof top for foreigners and other high class gentry. They also arrange variety of dishes with musical concert. Sometimes Lahorities on this occasion become emotional and in this state create law and order problems for the administration. Some of them use metal thread for kite-flying. Their such a deed oftenly imposes, besides life threat, a serious problem for WAPDA when the thread touches the live wires. Inspite of the fact Basant Festival which has no links with the Muslim culture is becoming very popular and being celebrated in Lahore regularly every year with zeal and fervent.
My Faourite book
Even since my childhood I have read a large number of books. Short stories novels works of poets and biographies have been of great interest to me. But one book has interested me most. It was the life of the Prophet of Islam by Allama Shibli.
I was amazed to read the life of the Holy Prophet He was born an orphan. At the age of six he lost his mother as well. Among the idol worshippers of Arabia he stood alone and worshipped one God. Arabs quarreled among themselves for years on end over petty affairs. They drank wine buries their daughters alive. They gambled, fought, cursed and had all the vices that one could think of.
Muhammad (Peace be upon him) kept aloof from them. He disliked their ways but could not make them give up their evil ways . At the age of forty God entrusted Muhammad with the work of reforming the people who had gone astray. When Muhammad (Peace be upon him) took upon himself this work all turned against him. Only a few listened to him and became true muslims. He had to leave his home and hearth yet he struggled hard in obedience to the world of God.
After a hard struggle of a few years he returned victorious to Mecca the very land from where he had fled for his life to the cruel treatment of his countrymen. The unbelievers trembled with fear. They thought it was the day of revenge. The prophet declared it was the day for general pardon. This generous treatment made the unbelievers listen to what the Prophet said. They embraced Islam in large numbers. Those who fought among themselves for years on end began to believe in universal brotherhood. They gave up their evil customs. They no longer buried their daughters alive but showed greatest respect for fair sex. A complete change was wrought. Humanity was reclaimed.
This book has interested me most. I have read it again and again. It is a very instructive book. After reading this book truth came home to me that truth is stranger than fiction.
My best friend
A good friend is a sincere person on whom we can depend in the time of need. A good friend is also a source of happiness. But now-a-days the word friendship is used very loosely. Generally all the person whom we call our friends are not in reality our friends. They are simply our acquaintances. A true friend on the other hand shares both our joys and sorrows. He is our true adviser and well wisher.
I am very fortunate that I have such a friend. His name is Ahmad Ali. He is my best friend. He is my friend since we were studying in the primary school. We have studied together all these years. He lives just near my hours. Most of our time we spend together in our studies and games.
My best friend belongs to a very noble and rich family. But he is not proud of his fathers wealth or property. His father is a big government contractor. His mother is also an educated lady with a very sweet nature. His parents love me much whenever I go to their house. They consider me just like their son. Similarly my parents also love hi much.
We always study together and exchange our books with each other. My friend Ahmad Ali is a brilliant student. He always stands first in the class and I stand second. We study with a sense of competition without any tinge of jealousy. We also play together. We are both considered to be the best hockey players in our school.
Although my friend belongs to a very rich family. Yet he has very simple habits. He believes in simple living and high thinking. He does not wear very gaudy dresses. He is always dressed in simple but neat clothes. He is very handsome and possesses an athletic physique.
He is also a monitor of our class. All the teachers like him. He is quite popular among the students also. He never quarrels with the class fellows. He always tries to help the poor students. He teaches them in his spare time and also lends him books to them. If a poor student is unable to pay his school fee he also pays it gladly.
My friend has won several prizes in games as well as studies. Once he won several prizes of Rs.1000/- in an essay competition but he donated it to the poor students fund of our school. He always tries to keep away from bad company. But he never hates any one. He rather tries to reform the bad boys also. Whenever there is any quarrel in the class he tries to settle it amicably.
We both are proud of our ideal friendship. We want to make it an ideal and a long lasting friendship. We never quarrel with each other. Although many students try to create misunderstanding between us but we always understand their jealousy. Our aim in life is to pursue higher study and become good citizens of our country.
Memorable period of life
Childhood is a golden period of mans life. It is the time when man is dependent but he enjoys all the comforts of the life. He has nothing to worry about. He has to do nothing to get his demand fulfill except weeping. It is a carefree time. In my childhood I was free from worries and sorrows.When every day and night brought joys for me. Parents tried to amuse me. They loved me so much that I began to think they were living only for me and it was not wrong as well.
Near our house there was a pond. Father took me daily to the pond to enjoy the beautiful sight of the setting sun. Once my father fell ill and could not go to the pond. I was very fond of taking bath in the bright water of the pond but father did not allow me to fulfill my desire. Now it was a golden chance. I went alone to the pond and jumped into the water. Deep water took me into its lap. After this what happened I do no know. When I opened my eyes a doctor was bending over me. Mother and sisters were weeping. I had to remain for one month in the hospital. Now when I recall that horrible accident my heart begins to sink with fear. Then I decided not to do anything without the permission of parents.
There is one more thing which I cannot help mentioning More over I can never forget the day when I was beaten by the gardener for stealing mangoes. My friend Maria and I went to the garden to eat mangoes. Maria was very active and clever. She remained out of the garden and asked me to climb up the mango tree. Consequently I was caught by the gardener and he bead me with his sharp stick. Maria ran away The gardener took me before my father and told the whole story. Father prohibited me from going to the garden. I was much ashamed but soon all it was over.
If you have female companion you are fond of dolls as well. The same case was with me. I was very fond of dolls in my childhood. Maria and I played with the dolls for hours, marrying and decorating them. Mother did not like her daughter wasting time in playing. As a result she took me to the school. I was much frightened and puzzled among the strange girls. I began to weep bitterly. While I was weeping I felt a soft hand on my back it was my teacher. She consoled me and gave me a beautiful book of colourful pictures. I was taught by her to smile in the storm of tears and sufferings. Now she is far away from me but her memory is fresh in my mind and I will never forget her as well.
Children usually keep on gamboling and playing . Sometimes they keep on running in childhood I was like a playful deer wandering through the meadows. Maria and wandered the whole day long in the green fields of our villages picking wild flowers and making garlands. How beautiful moonlit nights were in childhood! When the shining moon appeared we all played in the open fields catching one another. Now childhood is no more but it appears a beautiful dream.
Childhood is a golden period of mans life. It is the time when man is dependent but he enjoys all the comforts of the life. He has nothing to worry about. He has to do nothing to get his demand fulfill except weeping. It is a carefree time. In my childhood I was free from worries and sorrows. When every day and night brought joys for me. Parents tried to amuse me. They loved me so much that I began to think they were living only for me and it was not wrong as well.
Near our house there was a pond. Father took me daily to the pond to enjoy the beautiful sight of the setting sun. Once my father fell ill and could not go to the pond. I was very fond of taking bath in the bright water of the pond but father did not allow me to fulfill my desire. Now it was a golden chance. I went alone to the pond and jumped into the water. Deep water took me into its lap. After this what happened I do no know. When I opened my eyes a doctor was bending over me. Mother and sisters were weeping. I had to remain for one month in the hospital. Now when I recall that horrible accident my heart begins to sink with fear. Then I decided not to do anything without the permission of parents.
There is one more thing which I cannot help mentioning More over I can never forget the day when I was beaten by the gardener for stealing mangoes. My friend Maria and I went to the garden to eat mangoes. Maria was very active and clever. She remained out of the garden and asked me to climb up the mango tree. Consequently I was caught by the gardener and he bead me with his sharp stick. Maria ran away The gardener took me before my father and told the whole story. Father prohibited me from going to the garden. I was much ashamed but soon all it was over.
If you have female companion you are fond of dolls as well. The same case was with me. I was very fond of dolls in my childhood. Maria and I played with the dolls for hours, marrying and decorating them. Mother did not like her daughter wasting time in playing. As a result she took me to the school. I was much frightened and puzzled among the strange girls. I began to weep bitterly. While I was weeping I felt a soft hand on my back it was my teacher. She consoled me and gave me a beautiful book of colourful pictures. I was taught by her to smile in the storm of tears and sufferings. Now she is far away from me but her memory is fresh in my mind and I will never forget her as well.
Children usually keep on gamboling and playing . Sometimes they keep on running in childhood I was like a playful deer wandering through the meadows. Maria and wandered the whole day long in the green fields of our villages picking wild flowers and making garlands. How beautiful moonlit nights were in childhood! When the shining moon appeared we all played in the open fields catching one another. Now childhood is no more but it appears a beautiful dream.
My Hobby
A hobby is a change of work which is done for the main purpose of refreshing oneself. It is an interesting pursuit for the sake of getting pleasure in ones leisure time. Hobby is the pleasant use of the spare time at our disposal. We can use it as we like it. The pursuit of hobbies also the best method of spending ones free time.
Different people like different hobbies. Some like to spend their spare time in reading their favorite books. Some person has the hobby of collecting stamps or coins. Bird watching is also a hobby for some people. Still others like to spend their free time in gardening. Photography is also a popular hobby for the certain person. But it is quite expensive hobby and every one may not be able to afford it. Fishing and swimming are also good hobbies. Certain persons also make it their hobby to collect the autographs of eminent persons.
My favorite hobby is gardening. We have a spacious ground attached to our house. I have developed this open space into a beautiful garden. I am always devoting my free time for the up keeping of my beautiful garden which is very dear to me. I get a sense of joy and pride when I visit my garden in my free time.
In my garden I have planted some fruit trees. I have also planted some plants of beautiful flowers. Now I have also started growing vegetables. Our needs for fruits and vegetables are wholly met from my small garden which gives me a great sense of achievement. I am really proud of my garden which is admired by all who visit our house.
I purchase the best seeds from the super market for sowing in my garden. I have also collected all the required tools for gardening. In my library I possess certain books on the subject of gardening. These books have greatly helped me in the maintenance of my garden and pursuing my hobby. I have made many new experiments in my garden regarding growing of vegetables and flowers.
My garden is also full of sweet smelling and beautiful flowers. The blooming flowers of different colors greatly enhance the beauty of my garden.
Thus my hobby is giving my immense pleasure. Whenever I am such tired of my routine work I just go to my garden and lie there on green grass in the midst of blooming flowers. The sweet fragrance of the flowers fills my nostrils and I feel very active and smart again. My hobby provides me not only pleasure but also a good amount of physical exercise.
The Happiest Day of My Life
Life is always full of accidents and incidents. Some incidents are pleasant and some of them are horrible. But a good deed always gives us true pleasure. Man is happy whenever he thinks of it. He never forgets it because these things do not take place every day. About a year ago I was walking quietly to college in the morning along with two friends. Near college there is a railway crossing and when a train is due to cross the road the gates are closed and we have to wait till it has gone past. As we approached on that morning we saw the gates were closed and heard a train approaching the morning Khyber Mail So we walked slowly knowing that we would have to wait.
Just beside the crossing there are one or two poor houses. In one we had often seen two small boys about two years old. I should say and so alike that I think they must have been twins. That morning as we reached the gate. I heard a woman give a loud scream and there to our horror we saw that the two little fellows sitting together between the rails right in the path of the approaching train. There was the mother holding on the bars of the gate and screaming.
Now I do not think I am a very brave of heroic sort of fellow and actually I did not think anything at all. My brain refused to help me. But curiously enough I found that my legs and arms were working by themselves. Like a machine I vaulted over the barred gate with two quick movement and down on to the side of the rails. The train by this time was no more than twenty five yards away and whistling very loudly. I sprang between the rails gripped one lad by the arm and the other by the leg and with a great effort so rang across to the other side. As we all fell in a heap on the other side a strong wing hit me as the train dashed past with roar. An old biscuit box with which they had been playing was thrown high in the air I stood up then my knees trembling and a sick feeling in my stomach. The whole thing took less time than I have taken to tell it.
For quite some time I stood motionless wondering at the thing which I had done. I thought that it was from God Side. He gave me strength and courage to save the life of those poor babies. Had I delayed for a minute they would have been crushed under the wheel of the train.
There was a great slapping me on the back and the Headmaster mention of it before all the college. I was given a special prize at the end of the year. But I do not think my great happiness came from the fuss that people or from the prize. It was rather that I had by good fortune been able to same lives and found a new confidence in myself.
The Day I Should Like to Forget
Life if full of eventful history. There are always ups and downs. There is old saying All happy men resemble one another every unhappy man is unhappy in his own way. So was I. Pain and pleasure go side by side in life Pain and unhappiness has its own value. But for those who are not conquered by it. I am an ordinary man and my life has never been a bed of roses. I had to struggle y way through life. But there are degrees of unhappiness. The day when I failed in the BA Examination was the unhappiest day of my life. That is the day I should like to forget.
Two years ago I appeared in the BA Examination. I was not a very intelligent student. I passed my matric examination in second division without much work. Later I did FA But this time I worked day and night. I memorized all the important questions. I practiced writing. I gave up games morning walks and all other pleasures of life. The reason was that my future depended on my passing the BA Examination. I could make or mar it. I had decided to make it. A relative of mine had promised to get me employed at a good post. I was expected to earn Rs. 5000/- a month. My old mother had promised to marry me to a girl I liked so after passing the examination I could hope to win a good job and a beautiful wife. The BA Examination was a question of life and death for me.
As far as my papers were concerned I did them well because all the expected questions were set in them I felt relieved of the burden of examination. I was sure to get a good second division. After this the days of dreaming followed. I used to dream of a prosperous good home life. At last the result day came. Great was my grief when I did not find my roll number among the successful candidates. I could not believe it. I searched my name among those who had been placed in the compartment but to no avail. I combed the result later on category for my roll number no use. I consulted all the newspapers but who can avert the decree of fate Perhaps the examiner had marked my paper carelessly and I had failed. I was out of mind for a minute.
I could not control my tears. The things seemed floating before my eyes. Dark thoughts thronged my mind. I had lost everything. Speech left me. I thought it better to end my life rather than to face the world. I fell senseless on the ground. Friends brought me home. When I came to my senses. They consoled me. My face was pale like a ghost. My poor old mother was worried about me. In the evening I received the result card andit put a seal on my bright future. I could not dare appear in the examination again. My heart had broken. I could not marry after my own choice. Later my mother also died. That is why I should like to forget that day.
A Happy Life
A happy life is a desire of everyone in this world. Happiness is just a state of mind. It is very difficult to define happiness. Sometimes happiness is related to material glory and splendour. Sometimes it is associated with the health of aa man while to others it lies in a sort of contentment with whatever one possesses. So different people have different source of happiness.
Happiness is the wish of all people. Happiness to them is just a good and comfortable dream. The manner of living has various gradations and standards. Everyone thus has his own concept of happiness . But one thing is very clear that every man is dissatisfied with his present lot and condition. One always wants more and more. A squatter lying on the roadside may be aspiring for a hut a hut dweller may be aspiring for a house. A house owner may be aspiring for a beautiful bungalow. While a bungalow owner may by aspiring for a posh residence.
Now the question arises as to where in lies human happiness. Generally speaking material splendour and prosperity are considered to be the main factors leading to happiness. A wealthy man enjoys all the comforts luxuries amenities and facilities of life but do we consider ourselves to be really happy A rich man may be the roaster of million but even then he may be unhappy because he is a sick man. Being sick he cannot enjoy all the pleasures of life. He considers himself to be a condemned and cursed man in this world.
Consider the life of a poor man. It is an admitted fact that poverty and happiness are diametrically opposed to each other. But there have been some instances when we find poor people quite happy and gay. Their minds are not corrupted by the sweeping changes of the times. Their life is balanced and happy. They feel contented with their meager resources.
“Be content with that you have little be it or much??¦??¦??¦..”
These people are really happy. Their mental state is always within limit. Otherwise there is no end to the desires of human beings. Human desires are infinite. They multiply with the fortune. A millionaire desires to become a multi millionair and his vicious circle does not end any where. He keeps on hankering after the money with no ends.
Shelley in the following words describes the affair of the world.
” We look before and after An pine for what is not”
A happy life results from a state of mind. Health is also one of the most important factors. Which promotes happiness. A healthy man can take strolls in the morning and can enjoy the fresh air of the fields and fragrance of the flowers by visiting a garden. A poor but healthy man can spend his time in sports and games and can resort to there entertainments and recreations which are cheap and which are in his reach.
In the end let it be said that the every secret of happiness lies somewhere else than in the mere possession of huge wealth. A wealthy man always remains in a state of tension because he thinks that a thief or a decoit may not rob him but the ideal happiness lies in one who always does a right thing never injures the hearts and minds of the others and is a God fearing fellow. Ones actions must be good. Good actions also lead to happiness.
My Family
I come of a middle class family in which both the parents are working. My grand parents also stay with us. My grand father retired from the army and draws pension. He is a strict disciplinarian and will not allow anyone to sleep after 6:00 A.M. All the children to get ready for morning jerks by 7:00 AM . He treats us strictly as results in his training center. He pulls up very often and my parents have no choice before him. If you have to visit my house you have to be properly dressed. You cannot sit in our drawing room with legs crossed. It is against the etiquette.
My grand mother is very submissive and gentle. She prepares breakfast and helps us in getting ready. Although she is past sixty. Yet she is very active and hard working. But for her we do not now how to move about. She is always advising us. She is very loving old woman.
My father works as an accountant in a private firm. He sleeps with a calculator in his pocket. He maintains an account book for the whole family. He will not go to sleep before preparing a balance sheet. When we are busy watching TV programs he can be seen talking everyone to task for not giving proper account of daily expenses. When my grand mother brings costly fruit it is balanced by simple chapattis next day. He is a man of principles. He loves us very much.
My mother is the finest lady in the world. She does not poke her nose in anything . She is working as a receptionist ina private firm. She has to get up very early in the morning. She is always smiling. When she returns home smile returns to every ones face. My elder brother is a student of senior secondary class. He is a very serious student and does not take part in games etc. His mind is always fixed on studies. He is always doing one thing or the other.
I am the youngest in the family. Although I am a student of class X the whole family treats me as a child No one calls me by my proper name. I am moon for all of them. I really feel very awkward when my parents call me moon in the presence of my friends. My friends have also started calling me by this nick name. There is no help because I cannot change my status with anyone in the family.
Ours is a very happy family and cooperative. Every member is a very considerate. No one hurts anyones feeling. All of us cannot think of living without each other. I wish it to prosper by leaps and bounds.
How I Spent Last Friday
Friday is a holiday and there is a holiday in our school as well. Holiday is a day of rejoice and refreshment. Everyone wishes to spent it in a different way. Different people do different things on the same day. Some people sleep late at night on Thursday and get up very late on Friday. Some people do house hold things on the very day. Some people visit their friends and relations.
It is natural that when it is Thursday every body is excited because he knows that the next day is a Friday and he would be enjoying a holiday. Everybody plans to spend this day after his own choice or requirement. I also spend this day in a special way usually different from routine.
I usually go home on Friday and do different things. My home is about three kilometers from my school. I usually go to school by bus or van. But last Saturday my friends and I decided to have a cycle trip to Gujranwala on Friday.
On Thursday night we made all the arrangements. We got our cycles checked and ironed our clothes. I sent one of my friends to bazaar for necessary shopping. We made a plan to leave early in the morning. So before going to bed everything was done.
Last Friday we got up early in the morning cleaned our bicycles and put on our best clothes. We took some milk and sweets and left for Gujranwala.
On the way we saw farmers working in the fields and cattle grazing in the pastures. We had some difficulty in crossing small streams that levy in the way. After three hours ride we reached Gujranwala safe and sound.
We cycled to a hotel and had a nice meal there. Then we made a round to the town. We saw the shish mahal. The Government college the islamia college the police grounds and the district courts. The Shish Mahal is a very grand building. It attracts a large number of visitors from every part of the province. At 1 P.M. we went to the Friends Cinema where enjoyed the picture called “Pukar”.
We set out of the school at 4:30 p.m. We reached the school hostel safely at 7:30 p.m. So I had a very happy Friday indeed.
A Visit to hill Station
The climate of Murree suits me well, but there is a time in the year, usually when the rainy season is well advanced. When I begin to feel tired. This year I was feeling slack and not inclined for work, so I was quite pleased when my cousin Asim who had come down to have his eyes tested by an oculist asked me to come back to Murree for a few days with him. My father gave permission so I went off gladly.
I shall never forget my first impressions of the lovely scenery of the hills. I had never before been far from Murree and pictures of hill scenery had altogether failed to convey to me a true picture of the beauty and majesty of the lofty. Slowly the bus puffed its way up the slopes. There were other boys in the bus and they agreed that the engine was saying I think I can. Slowly and with effort. When it reached the top of the hill and started to produce smoke fast again it was saying ” I knew I could I knew I could”. But the hills covered with noble trees and picturesque rocks and great valley lying in between all combined to fill my mind with a sense of awe and admiration. I am told that there is more impressive scenery in the New Murree Hills but nothing will make me forget the rapture of that first sight of the deodar trees.
My uncles house is just outside Murree and we went frequently for walks across the open country. I found at once a great difference in the air. It seemed to be Murree stimulating more refreshing. Frequently I was not content to walk but had to run a little from pure joy of living. The splendid apples of Murree were no longer available the season being too late for them but I tasted some of the finest figs have ever enjoyed.
Murree is a fresh clean city and the pure airs always sweep through the streets. I thought of the olden times now people used to live in these snow covered hills, I went to enjoy Kashmir Point. There I had beautiful scenery. Later I went to Pindi Point. There I enjoyed the chair lift. All it looked wonderful. It was as if the week I spent there passed like a cinema film which had been shown much too fast and I regretted having to leave, though cheered with a promise that I should return in the coming summer and perhaps even visit the neighbouring beauty spot of Murree Hills.
The Teacher That Has Influenced Me Most
Every student has his ideal teacher or favourite teacher in the school. I have met many teacher during my 10 years of studies in the school. Some of them have also influenced me much by their personal qualities and knowledge. I respect all my teachers and have the privilege to be liked by them all. I can never forget all my teachers who have been teaching me for so many years.
But inspite of my respect for all the teachers Mr. Muhammad Farooq is my most favourite teacher in my school. He is my ideal teacher. I love him for his good qualities and vast knowledge. In reality he has all the good qualities which are necessary for an ideal teacher.
Mr. Muhammad Farooq teaches us social studies. He is the most popular teacher in our school. All students love him and obey his order very loyally. Even the other teachers give him the highest respect. He has dedicated his life to the noble cause of education. He is taking a lot of interest in his work. He teaches all the students with a missionary spirit.
He is a highly experienced teacher. He has read many books. He also possesses a very good library. He often gives his books to the students for reading. His method of teaching is very good. Every student can understand it very easily. He does not mind at all if we ask him questions.
Many of his old students are now occupying high offices in the government and other offices. In reality he is one of those teachers who are the builders of our nation. He is double MA in political science and English. Throughout his career he secured 1st division. He has also done his B.Ed securing distinction in the university.
He is a man of very good habits. You can always see him in a cheerful mood. He possesses a very impressive personality. He plays games with the students every day. He wears very simple but neat clothes. His simplicity enhances his personality. He is a teetotaler.
He is very punctual and regular in his classes. He also wants his students to learn these good qualities. Of course there is a strict discipline in his classes. No student ever dares to create any noise in his class.
Mr. Muhammad Farooq is a true seeker of knowledge. He is just like Socrates. He tries to teach us the virtues of truth and justice. He is highly impartial and never discriminates among his students. We all wish him a long and happy life.
The Most Interesting Person I Ever Met
Once I had to go to Saudi Arabia from Karachi by a ship. My cabin fellow was a man short and sturdy built, Habib by name. His skin was rather dark and he was always clean shaven. His fat hooked nose and very large eyes had made hi a strange figure. His long black hair was sleek aand curly. He spoke English fluently but his accent was not English. Whenever he talked he made many gestures. He was proud of being a Pakistani and liked to travel with the Pakistanis. Too many labels on his suitcases showed that he was a much traveled man. Mr. Habib was the most interesting person I ever met in my life.
Mr. Habib was very sociable. He could mix with every sort of company. In three days he knew everyone on board. He was serviceable to all. He used no formalities and called the people by their names without using the word “Mr.” He ran everything. He managed the sweeps and conducted the auction on board of the ship. He was hearty gavel and talkative. In short he was everywhere and always.
Mr. Habib was disliked by some people because he was in the habit of poking his nose in everybodys affairs. He offered to play cards with everybody and showed the card tricks. He thrust his company upon others much against their wishes. I could not walk around the deck without his joining me. It was impossible to avoid him. It never occurred to him that he was not wanted.
Mr. Habib was very proud of his knowledge. He was the chap who knew everything under the sun better than others. He discussed pictures and politics. He was argumentative. To disagree with him was a challenge to him.
One evening the conversation drifted to the subject of pearls. Mr. Habib asserted to be an expert in that line also. Mr. Asif a military officer along with his wife was also present. Mr. Habib pointed to Mrs. Asifs chain and declared that it was made of real pearls. According to him its price was 20 to 40 thousand dollars. Mr. Asif refuted to him and told that he bought it for 100 dollars. They bet on it. Mr. Habib examined the chain with a magnifying glass. His eyes showed and I guessed that the pearls were real. But to my great astonishment he admitted that he was mistaken. He lost the bet and paid the amount. The news spread and he was ridiculed. At night in the cabin I asked him if the pearls were not real. He told me that they were real. He explained that when he looked at Mrs. Asifs face there was a desperate appeal. He at once knew that the chain was given to her by her lover. The husband knew only that it was bought for 100 dollars. To save the honor of a lady he had accepted his defeat. I was full of admiration for him.
My Summer Vacation
Our school closed on May 14. We had been planning both at home as well as with our friends how we should spent the vacation this time. There were many proposals. My parents wished to go to our home town and be with my grand parents for about six weeks or so. My friends had a trekking expedition up their sleeves. While my class mates wished to go to some hill station on an educational tour for which our class teacher had also given consent. I wished to avail of all the three proposals.
First I made my mother and elder sister agree to my going on the tour with my class and the teacher as the railway concession was already allowed for such journeys. They requested my father to curtail the programe. To visit the grand parents by a week or two. My father and my mother agreed to go in the advance party to be joined by my sister and e after my tour.
My friends agreed to have the trekking after my return from both the journeys as the weather in May was also not conductive to hill climbing. Thus the three journeys were planned in the following order. Educational tour Swat in May home town trip in June and trekking in July. When the monsoon reaches this part of the country.
My class teacher had arranged for the railway concession for thirty five students and three teachers. We started on May 20 by Lahore Express at about 2 p.m. reaching Rawalpindi in the evening. There we has tea with snacks at the railway platform since the train stopped there for more than 20 minutes that being big railway junction. Reaching Peshawar we had to take bus for Swat. From there we had to take a bus reaching Nainital in about an hour.
We enjoyed our three days stay at Swat very much. There we got booked our rooms in a judge just near the lake. We had boating in that lake four times. We returned on May 25 very much refreshed and happy.
My father had booked our seats by Khyber Mail on June 2. I along with my sister went on this journey as already decided and reached Rawalpindi. From there we had to motor down to a town nearby. We stayed with our grand parents for the month of June.
Returning in July we went on the trekking trip to Chitral hills and covered 20 kilometers in a day. Rock climbing was pretty arduous.
Thus I spent my summer vacation.
Five Things I Love Most
All of us have our likes and dislikes. So have I. My dislikes are many. But out of my likes I have five at the top. These are Poetry of Nature, Music specially Ghazals, excursions meeting people and reading thought provoking books and magazines. Whenever I find time. I like to do one of them. Infact if depends on mood. I do not like to sit free. I am always doing something.
Being a student of literature, I have read Wordworth and his poems have left their lasting effect on me. Other poets of nature who have impressed me most are Dr. Muhammad Iqbal in Urda, Mirza Ghalib , Mir Taqi Mir, and Faiz. All the poets are good but I like Ghalib better. He speaks everyones heart. Ghalibs poetry is a true reflection of man. He wrote not only love poems but also mystical as well. That is why he is popular even today.
Music people say has its effect even on trees plants animal and their growth. Milking cows have shown better yield of milk due to music. In music I like Ghazals best. Iqbal Ghalib Firaq and Saghar Nizaami are some of my choicest poets. In other words I can say music is the food of soul. When I am upset or tired I love to play music I do not like disco. Most of the time I enjoy classical.
I have gone on excursions to almost all nearby hill stations and health resorts. I prefer to go on educational scientific and historical tours also and have been to Karachi, Murree, Islamabad, and Peshawar. I usually go with my friends . I have proper timetable. One after another I visit the next place. I have collected a lot of information about them. I have photographs of most of the places.
Meeting people from various professions is my another hobby. I have pen friends among intellectuals Artists, Actors, Dancers, Scientists and University Professors. When I get a chance I never miss it. Sometimes I specially make a plan or request someone for an appointment. I like to meet great personalities. My main preference goes to professors and scholars.
Reading books on philosophy, Religion Anthropology, World History and Literature is my last liking. I subscribe to magazines and read in libraries also. Books and magazines on these subjects. Religious books are also very important. We feel real peace while reading them. Moreover we come to know how we can succeed in this world and the world here after.
A Visit To A Historical Place
Lahore is full of historical buildings. There is no exaggeration to say that Lahore itself is a historical city. Everybody who visit Lahore must go to visit historical buildings. They show us the picture of the past and the achievements of our great forefathers. Last Friday we chalked out a program for outing. I had not seen the tomb of Jahangir. So all agreed that this historical place should be visited. In no time we reached there by bus. The grand tomb of Jahangir was before our eyes. Every body was happy to see it. It looked beautiful I could not believe that it was so grand.
Jahangirs Tomb is at Shahdara. Shahdara is four miles away from Lahore. On the other bank of the River Ravi. The four tall minerates of the tomb can be seen from a distance. The mausoleum is in a park enclosed by a high wall. There is a magnificent gateway which is guarded by a walled quadrangle. The park appeared to be well kept. The seasonal flowers were in all their glory. There were mange groves here and there spreading in cool shade. A fountain in front of the mausoleum was sending forth a cool shower of water. It was presenting a beautiful scene. It filled our hearts with pleasure. For sometime we were lost in thoughts. It looked another world. Cool breeze was blowing.
After it we reached the tomb itself. It is a low large an beautiful edifice. In an inner room sleeps the Great Mughal Emperor. Nothing to disturb him now. The walls of his room have curious and colored designs on them. The huge mausoleum has a vast terrace. In each corner a minaret soars up in the sky. I went up and from the platform of the minaret saw the city of Lahore looked splendid. Man does not believe in his eyes. Everything looked so attractive and so charming.
We kept on moving about for quite a while. We sat in the grassy lawn for sometime. When It was evening time the light began to fade. The silence and peace affected us strangely. Our minds were full of solemn thoughts and colorful memories. In the twilight it appeared to us as if we were in a fairy land. The whole scene was presenting a beautiful picture. We were much impressed by the scene. It was time to go back. We did not feel like coming back but we had to. We came back tired but hap
Visit To A Popular Cafe
One of the chief delights of having a meal at a popular cafe is the sense of luxury and importance it gives to its patrons. At home the need for economy is ever with us. The things we eat and the place we eat in are not those of our dreams they are those which can be afforded out of our meager income. But when we go to a cafe everything is on a grand scale. Electric light bulbs glow by the dozen instead of in single globes. Cakes fruits and sweets rise in mountains form the counters. Cups and plates abound waiters move about gratifying our slightest whim. Each member of the family can choose a different dish without causing undue pressure on the kitchen. We are indeed in a world of riches.
To make a visit to a cafe really satisfactory. We should of course go in a taxi. Then as it draws up out side the brightly lit portals. The gorgeously uniformed commissionaire with his row of medals for all commissioners are war heroes! Throws open a taxi door and courteously assist us to alight. We wait self consciously on the pavement while Father pays the driver, hopping that some of our acquaintances may be passing humbly on foot the other side of the street to observe our glory.
As we pass through doors held open for us the rich romantic strains of the orchestra thrill our senses. An aristocratic looking gentleman in evening dress enquired the number in our party and leads us to a table decorated with flowers and set with sparkling cutlery. If one of the family members is too young to reach the table with comfort he hastens to bring a special chair into which the small parton is deferentially lifted by an attendant waiter.
Then comes the exciting moment of choosing what we are to eat. The early part of the menu is usually passed over without interest it contains such utilitarian items as soup fish and joints all of which we are given at home with monotonous regularity. The thrilling part of the bill of fare is that marked sundries where the young can find unusual and indigestible dishes such as their souls love. Of course the bonne bouche is an ice cream of some sort preferably one of those highly colored confections in a tall glass bubbling and frosty with two long straws protruding from the top. The youngest member of the family conveniently at the higher extremity of the straw and has to stand on the kneel on the seat in order to arrive at the required height. But this trifling adjustment of posture merely adds to the excitement of the experience.
We sit a long time over our meal far longer than at home when meals are rushed through as quickly as parental authority will allow in order to get on with more interesting pursuits. The orchestra changes from waltz to tango and from tango to romantic ballad. Sometimes there is a crooner who makes noises that no music master would allow in a singing class and we wonder vaguely why it is that things punishable at school receive great applause in the adult world. But such puzzles do not worry us for commissionaire will blow a blast on this shrill whistle and like magic the taxi will draw up besides the curb and we shall all crowd in.
Tomorrow we shall be ordinary humble people again walking or talking a bus to school and eating pain whole some food in the family dining room but today we have sojourned on Olympus we are gods not men.
A Visit To A Museum
Museum is a place where rare things of past and present are kept. Those who want to have look into past visit museum. Last Friday my friends and I decided to visit a museum because the museum is a place where you can see a collection of rare things and things of historical interest. It is a store house of all wonderful and valuable things. All the things of the past and the present e can see at one place.
There is a big museum in Lahore. It is situated near the Town Hall. In front of it runs the Mall Road and opposite to it stands and University Hall with its lofty clock tower. The museum is in a big building which consists of many big halls. It is managed by all officer. We bought tickets to enter the museum.
To visit the museum is an education in itself and for this reason it is visited by hundreds of people every day. Travelers from foreign countries also make it a point to visit it because it enables them to peek into the arts and crafts of Pakistan. Women and children also go to the museum in large numbers every day but may be they go to kill their time. Despite it everybody learns something form the museum.
When we entered the first hall we found many pictures hung on its walls. These pictures were of old kings saints and statesmen. Some of these were drawn purely from the imagination. All of them however provided a feast of colors for the eye. If we were to take a student of painting with us he would tell us many interesting things about these pictures and paintings. We might have got more information and knowledge but we just had a look and passed on.
At one place we found a collection of the articles of everyday use. While at another place we find beautiful articles. Which were meant for purposes of show only. Side by side with lovely hand loom cloth we found costly only Rs. 300 was displayed by the side of another the price of which also run into three figures. We were happy to see all this. We had a good time in that section.
In this hall we found the pottery of Multan the wood work of Gujranwala the shawls of Kashimir the carpets of Karachi and cutlery of Wazirabad. There is also a large collection of old daggers swords, shields weapons and ornaments. All the things were in right order.
After this we went to a zoological section. It comprises collection of stuffed animals, birds, reptiles, and fishes. Perhaps the most interesting collection was that of statues of Buddha and Bud